Ala Archa National Park
The Ala Archa National Park is one of the most visited places in all of Kyrgyzstan. It is an alpine park in the Tian Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan, established in 1976 and located approximately 40 km south of the capital city Bishkek. One of the main attractions of the reserve is a unique alpine wildlife, amazing flora and fauna forms live in the reserve, where hunting is strictly forbidden. There are snow-covered peaks rising above 4,500 meters (15,000 feet), steep forested slopes, picturesque meadows and fast-flowing rivers.
Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan with a population of about 1 million people. Bishkek is located in the Chuy Valley, at the northern edge of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too Range, at about 800 m above sea level. This is political, economic, scientific, and cultural and transport center of republic. Also Bishkek is a center of scientific and cultural life of Kyrgyzstan. There are museums, theatres, galleries and a large number if cafes and restaurants.
Burana Tower located 80 km (50 miles) from Bishkek, is 25 meter tower, located in the Chuy Valley and one of Kyrgyzstan’s best known archaeological sites. Burana is also home to a museum of important archaeological pieces that tell the history of the Silk Road and Kyrgyzstan’s place on it. Burana Tower is on the site of the former Karakhanid city of Balasagyn, founded in the mid-10th century. Balasagyn was contemporaneous with Kashgar and shared equal administrative importance with it as one of the two capitals of the Eastern Khanate. There is also a small collection of balbals (little stone figures were used to honor the dead) or kurgan stelae near the tower.
Dungan Mosque in Karakol
The Dungan Mosque in Karakol was built in the period from1907 to 1910. The mosque was built by the Dungans, a community of Chinese Muslims who arrived in Karakol fleeing violence in the 1870s and 1880s. Designed by a Chinese architect, the Dungan Mosque is constructed entirely without nails and much of its imagery, including a wheel of fire, reflects the Dungans’ pre-Islamic, Buddhist past.
Frunze House Museum
The Kyrgyz State Memorial Frunze House Museum is a historical museum in Bishkek and the venue of history related exhibitions and events. There are over 6000 exhibits in the museum, including papers, photos, and other artifacts. There are even articles of clothing and furniture from Frunze’s friends and family, including his tableware and library. Mikhail Frunze was a leader during the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, who later became a Major Red Army Commander.
Kyrgyz State Historical Museum
The Kyrgyz State History Museum is located on Ala-Too Square. Currently, the museum has 90 million objects of museum value. Visitors can view exhibits such as samples of rock paintings, household items from the Bronze Age, jewelry from nomads dating from the 1st to the 5th century CE. The museum has an extensive collection of ethnographic objects from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including felt, leather, wool, woodworks, knitting, embroidery, clothing, jewelry, horse harnesses and gear of artistic merit.
Issyk-Kul is the most popular tourist destination, because the region is situated around Lake Issyk-Kul, the world’s second largest alpine lake, after Titicaca, 1600 m above sea level, 170 km long, 70 km wide and 695 m deep. “Issyk-Kul” means “hot lake” in Kyrgyz, as it never freezes. The mountains and the marine microclimate produce a wild, unique environment and they are a shelter for very rare animal species (snow leopard, wild bear) and plants, such as the Tyan-Shan fir. Violent rivers, starting from snow-white glaciers, carry their waters to the lake. Issyk-Kul offers the highest, snow-capped peaks in the country; and the opportunity to trek, cycle, climb, ski, raft, windsurf, tour on horseback or just relax at one of the famous coastal resorts.
Picturesque Jety-Oguz gorge is located 28 kilometers to the south-west of the town of Karakol. Its name is translated from Kyrgyz language means “Seven bulls”. The name is symbolic, because there is wall of seven huge red-brown cliffs resembling furious bulls standing together. Another beautiful rock named “Broken Heart”, located at the entrance to the gorge. Jety-Oguz is famous for its hot springs with water enriched with radon and hydrogen sulfide, and local people go to sanatorium of Jety-Oguz for the useful treatment.
Karakol is the biggest city and administrative centre of Issyk-Kul region. Karakol is at the far end of the Issyk Kul, nestled in the Tian Shan mountains, and is the capital of the Issyk Kul oblast (region). One of the most visited destinations in Kyrgyztan, it functions as a base for year-round trekking, mountaineering, skiing, and spa opportunities. This town was called Przhevalsk during the Tsarist and Soviet eras. The most visited sightseeings in Karakol are Russian Ortodox Church, Muslim Mosque in Dunga Style and Museum of Przhevalsky.
Konorchek Canyon is an amazing tourist destination in the eastern part of the Kyrgyz Range. It looks like a miniature Grand Canyon in the middle of the Tian-Shan Mountains. Thousands of years of soil erosion have made this place incredible. Konorchek is an excellent choice for a one-day excursion. The hiking path to the canyon is 5 kilometers, but for fans of long hikes there are many places to go because the canyon area is 200 km.
Ata-Beyit Memorial Complex
Ata Beyit (from the Kyrgyz “Grave of Our Fathers”) is a memorial complex located 25 kilometers south of Bishkek. The Ata Beyit Memorial Complex was established in 2000. It commemorates the victims of the Stalin Repressions of 1937-1940, during which significant figures of the Kyrgyz Soviet Republic In 2008, world-famous writer Chingiz Aitmatov was buried in the Ata Beyit Memorial Complex.